Tangail is a district (zilla) in central region of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Dhaka division. The population of Tangail zilla is about 3508556 and its surface area is 3,375 km². The main town of Tangail District is the district town Tangail. It is surrounded by the several districts, such as Jamalpur district on the north, the Dhaka and Manikganj districts on the south, the Mymensingh and Gazipur districts on the east, and the Sirajganj district on the west. The main rivers that cross the Tangail district are the Jamuna, Dhaleshwari, Jhenai, Bangshi, Lohajang, Langulia, Elongjani, Jugni, Fotikjani and the Turag.
The subdivision of Tangail was established in 1870. It was turned into a district on December 1, 1969.[2]The district consists of 12 Upazila, 10 municipalities, 72 wards, 211 mahallas, 110 union parishads and 2526 villages. Tangail is subdivided into 12 subdistricts (upazila/thana). The name of the upuzilas are: Tangail Sadar, Sakhipur, Basail, Madhupur, Ghatail, Kalihati, Nagarpur, Mirzapur, Gopalpur, Delduar, Bhuapur and Dhanbari.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the Tangail district. About 49.53% people are involved with agricultural activities. Its main agricultural products are paddy, potato, jute, sugarcane, sesame, linseed, wheat, mustard seed and pulse. About 2800 km² cultivable lands are available in Tangail. The main fruit products are mangos, jackfruit, bananas, litchis, and pineapples. Other sectors, such as fisheries (446), diaries (189), industries, weaving and poultry farms (538) are also developing in the Tangail district. Tangail is the home of the weavers of world famous "Tangail Saree" a handloom saree made of both cotton and silk thread having handworked butti design or all over flowery design or contemporary art motiff appreciated, bought, and used by women's & girls of Bangladesh and Indian origin living all over the world. Tangail Saree is the most popular among all sarees. Some of the Weavers have migrated to India after partition in 1947. Haridas Basak a leading Saree merchant in Tangail who helped the weavers to settledown at Fulia, Samudragarh and Dhatrigram in west Bengal his Saree shop is still in Tangail.
Heritage of Tangail
• Porabari Cham-Cham
• Tangail Tater Saree
• Household utensils made of bell metal
• Madhupur Pineapple
• Seetal Pati (Hinganagar Village)
• Bananas (Madhupur gor)
• Jackfruit(Madhupur,Ghatail)
• An old tree named Tomal at Gupta Brindaban, Ghatail.
• Shal/Gojari Bon (Madhupur,Shakhipur & Ghatail).
Tangail At a Glance
Area: 3414km2
Upazila Road: 840.31 km
Union Road: 1125.17Km
Village Road: 3868.11Km VA
4603.58Km VB
Population: 3605083
Density: 1056Km2
Literacy: 46.80%
No. of Upazila: 12
No. of Union: 107
No. of Pourashava: 11
No. of Primary School: 1477
No. of High School: 559
No. of College: 59
Procurment, Tangail