Chandpur district (Chittagong division) city stands on the bank of the Meghna river and located at 23°29′-23°40′ N 90°6’-90°9’ E. It is bounded by munshiganj and comilla districts on the north, noakhali, lakshmipur and barisal districts on the south, Comilla district on the east, meghna river, shariatpur and Munshiganj districts on the west. River erosion is a common feature in this district. The Padma and the Meghna meet near Chandpur Town and take a vast expanse. Main tributaries of the Meghna are Dakatia, Dhanagada, Matlab and Udhamdi. Ghorgaon Jala is a beel. Chandpur was established as sub-division in 1878. Accordingly it was declared as district in 15th February 1984. It consists of eight Upazila, seven Pourashava (Municipality) and 87 Unions. Geographically Chandpur district situated in a most important place as a result Chandpur Pourashava was established before hundred year ago in 1897. In the map of Greater Bengal by James Renel Chandpur has been exactly indicated along with Tripura. JN Sengupta thinks that Chandpur was named after zamindar Chand Ray of Bikrampur. Some people think that it was named after darvish Chand Fakir of village Koralia adjacent to the town. Again, some people think that it was named after Chand Sawdagar of the maimansingha gitika who used to come to this port for trade with his Swapta Dinga "Madhukar". During the first part of the twentieth century some European and Indian business firms established several jute mills here. But with the partition of Indian sub continent in 1947 most of these business establishments were closed down. This port was an important centre for jute and grain trades. Besides, many other trades on ship building, salt refinery, fishing net making and oil production are present in this port. However, some parts of the town have submerged into river bed due to erosion and the Puran (old) Bazar is now under threat of river erosion. During 1960’s there was constructed two large irrigation project named Chandpur Faridgonj irrigation project and Meghna Dhanagoda irrigation project. Hilsha fish of Chandpur district is very much famous country wide. Huge member of Rupali hilsha are capturing at Meghan padma junction point. Which is surpassed and export to abroad. Numerous historical and tourist resorts are in Chandpur, those are olipur shah shurja Mosque (Hazigonj), historical Hazigonj Boro Mosque, Aligonj Madrasha mosque and majar (Hazigonj), Chandpur Begum Mosque, Beltala lingta Paglar darbar (Matlab North), Rastishaher darga (Shahrasti), ICDDRB hospital (Matlab South), Sachar Rathjatra (Kachua), Shahebgonj nilkuti’s damaged structure (Faridgonj) etc. Rail & water way communication was well established from very beginning, Chandpur is a renowned river port.
Chandpur At a Glance
Area: 1704km2
Upazila Road: 548.52 km
Union Road: 856.19Km
Village Road: 1976.18Km VA
2360.57Km VB
Population: 2271229 ( 2001)
Density: 1333Km2
Literacy: 68 %
No. of Upazila: 8
No. of Union: 88
No. of Pourashava: 7
No. of Primary School: 1088
No. of High School: 249
No. of College: 47
Procurment, Chandpur