The existences of five garhs are Bhitargarh, Hosaingarh, Mirgarh, Rajangarh and Devengarh. Panchagarh is named after these five garhs. Panchagarh District City stands on the bank of Kartoya at once 26.250N 88.500 E. The Panchagarh District in the northern part of Bangladesh. In the boundary on three side's by 288 km long India Border, having Darjeeling District North, Jalpaiguri and Kuchbihar Districts on the northeast, west Dinajpur and Purneia District on the west, Dinajpur and Thakurgaon Districts on the south, Nilphamari District on the east.Panchagarh was a thana under Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal during the British rule. It was under Dinajpur district at the time of the partition of 1947. It was turned into a subdivision in 1980 consisting of Panchagarh Sadar, Boda, Debiganj, Atwari and Tetulia thanas. Panchagarh was elevated to a district in 01th February 1984. It consists of five upazilas, two municipality, 43 union Parishads and 850 villages.Panchagarh has a strong history and heritage in diversified culture within indigenous Sautal (Tribal) people's. During separation of India in 1947, Panchagarh thana was attached with Dinajpur District under Thakurgaon Mohakuma. In the Mohakoma Administrator Mr. Sayed Abdur Rashid (01-01-1980 to 31-12-1982). The Panchagarh Municipality was established in 1985. Panchagarh Sugar Mills was set up by the Government in 1965-69. It is the northern most Sugar Mill in Bangladesh. The Sugar Mill started its trail production in 1969-70. The first Rocks Museum in Panchagarh was established in 2000. The Panchagarh BP Government High School, Panchagarh and Primary Teacher Training Institute (PTI) were established in 1944 & 2006-07 respectively. Panchagarh Bir Moktijoddha Sirajul Islam stadium near in the Head Quarter. It’s soil is sandy, alluvial and bears close affinity with the soil of the old Himalayan Basin. On the northern part of the district there exists under ground water layer problem. Panchagarh has 16 rivers. Among them some main rivers are Kartoya, Atrai, Tista, Nagor, Mahananda, Tangon, Dahuk, Pathraj, Bhulli, Talma, Chawai, Kurum, Versa, Tirnoi, and Chilka. Maximum riverbed characters is steep slope. There are many Industries such as Tea Estate & Industry, Sugar Mill, Gem Jute Mill, Rice Mill, Ice Factory, Oil mill and Sawmill.
Panchagarh At a Glance
Area: 1405km2
Upazila Road: 429.43 km
Union Road: 576.88Km
Village Road: 1218.99Km VA
1911.29Km VB
Population: 1026141 (2012)
Density: 703 person / Km2 Km2
Literacy: 51.5%
No. of Upazila: 5
No. of Union: 43
No. of Pourashava: 2
No. of Primary School: 599
No. of High School: 194
No. of College: 22
Procurment, Panchagarh